What are wrinkles and what are the causes? Aging, Smoking and Sun Exposure
Wrinkles are a natural part of aging. As you grow older, your skin gets thinner, drier and less elastic. And it becomes less able to protect itself from damage. As a result, wrinkles, lines and creases form in your skin. Although genetics are the most important determiner of skin texture, a major contributor to wrinkles is spending too much time in the sun. Smoking also can cause premature aging of your skin.
If your wrinkles are bothering you, you have more options than ever to help eliminate or at least diminish their appearance. Medications skin resurfacing techniques, fillers, injectables and surgery top the list of effective wrinkle treatments.
When to look for help
If you are concerned about the appearance of your skin, see Dr. Samadani. He can help you create a personalized skin-care plan by assessing your skin type and evaluating your skin's condition.
Age. As you get older, your skin naturally thins and becomes less elastic and more fragile. Decreased production of natural oils makes your skin drier and appears more wrinkled. Fat in the deeper layers of your skin, which gives the skin a plump appearance, starts to lessen. This causes loose, saggy skin and more pronounced lines and crevices. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Ultraviolet radiation markedly speeds up the natural aging process and is the primary cause of early wrinkling. Exposure to UV light breaks down your skin's connective tissue (collagen and elastin fibers), which lie in the deeper layer of skin (dermis). Without the supportive connective tissue, your skin loses its strength and flexibility. As a result, skin begins to sag and wrinkle prematurely.
Smoking. Smoking can accelerate the normal aging process of your skin, contributing to wrinkles. This may be due to changes in the blood supply to your skin.
Repeated facial expressions. Facial movements and expressions, such as squinting or smiling, lead to fine lines and wrinkles. Each time you use a facial muscle, a groove forms beneath the surface of the skin. And as skin ages, it loses its flexibility and is no longer able to spring back in place. These grooves then become permanent features on your face.
Wrinkle treatment includes
Medications Topical retinoid. Derived from vitamin A, retinoid that you apply to your skin may be able to reduce fine wrinkles, splotchy pigmentation and skin roughness. Retinoid must be used with a skin-care program that includes sunscreen and protective clothing because the medication can make your skin burn more easily. It may also cause redness, dryness, itching, and a burning or tingling sensation. Tretinoin (Renova, Retin-A) and tazarotene (Avage, Tazorac) are examples of topical retinoid.
We have collection of Obagi products available at our office for your convenience.
Nonprescription wrinkle creams The effectiveness of anti-wrinkle creams depends in part on the active ingredient or ingredients. Retinol, alpha hydroxy acids, kinetin, coenzyme Q10, copper peptides and antioxidants may result in slight to modest improvements in wrinkles. However, nonprescription wrinkle creams contain lower concentrations of active ingredients than do prescription creams. Therefore results, if any, are limited and usually short-lived.
Laser procedures and Injectables A variety of skin-resurfacing techniques, injectables, fillers and surgical procedures are available to smooth out wrinkles. Each works a little differently and has its own set of potential results and side effects:
Laser, light source and radiofrequency treatments. In ablative laser resurfacing, a laser beam destroys the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and heats the underlying skin (dermis), which stimulates the growth of new collagen fibers. New skin forms that's smoother and tighter. It can take up to several months to fully heal from ablative laser resurfacing.
Broad Band Pulsed light is milder on the epidermis. These treatments heat the dermis and cause new collagen and elastin formation. After several treatments, skin feels firmer and appears refreshed. This means shorter recovery times, but treatment typically needs to be repeated more often and results are subtle.
When injected in small doses into specific muscles, Botox blocks the chemical signals that cause muscles to contract. When the muscles cannot tighten, the skin flattens and appears smoother and less wrinkled. Botox works well on frown lines between the eyebrows and across the forehead, and crow's-feet at the corners of the eyes.
Results typically last about three to four months. Repeat injections are needed to maintain results.
Radiesse, Juvederm and Restylane
Soft tissue fillers can be injected into deeper wrinkles on your face. They smooth out wrinkles and furrows and give your skin more volume. You may experience temporary swelling, redness and bruising in the treated area. The procedure may need to be repeated depending on the type of injection.
Individual results vary depending on the location of your wrinkles and how deep your wrinkles are. These procedures aren't usually covered by insurance. In addition, any of the procedures can have side effects, so be sure to discuss them with Dr. Samadani.
Prevention Protect your skin from the sun. Protect your skin and prevent future wrinkles, by limiting the time you spend in the sun and always wearing protective clothing and hats. Also use sunscreen when in the sun. Choose products with built-in sunscreen. When selecting skin-care products, choose those with a built-in sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15. Also, be sure to select products that block both UVA and UVB rays.
Moisturizers help dry skin to improve and may mask fine lines.
Stop smoking cigarettes. Your skin will improve in its tone and texture by quitting smoking.
We have several Obagi anti wrinkle products available for you to use.
We help you make an informed decision (920) 887-1325 Ayaz M. Samadani M.D.